The Centre is developing its Field and Laboratory facilities near Khajuraho (Madhya Pradesh) in Central India. Khajuraho (24°49′ N, 79°55′ E; 222 m above altitude) lies about 170 km from Jhansi in District Chhatarpur. It is a well known tourist destination, known for the 10th and 11th century temples, now a World Heritage.

The area lies in the uplands of Bundelkhand. Geologically, most of the area is predominantly granite. Climate is tropical semi-arid with maximum summer temperature exceeding 50ºC and an annual rainfall of 800 mm. The vegetation is typically tropical dry deciduous forest dominated by teak (Tectona grandis), mahua (Madhuca) and tendu (Diospyros). Eastwards, teak is quickly replaced by sal (Shorea robusta) forests.

River Ken, along with its many tributaries drains the area. The 427-km long River Ken originates in the Kaimur hills (near village Ahirgawan, Jabalpur district), passes through the Panna Tiger Reserve (40 km from Khajuraho), forms a magnificient fall, the Raneh Falls (14 km from Khajuraho) before flowing northeast to meet River Yamuna at Chilla (near Fatehnpur, Uttar Pradesh). The river hosts the Ken Ghariyal sanctuary. The river is of interest also because of the proposed Ken Betwa River Link and its proximity to the area. There are many large and small reservoirs (such as Rangwan, Gangau,Belatal and Benisagar) within 50 km radius of Khajuraho. The area is relatively thinly populated and not significantly urbanised. There is no sewerage or sewage treatment facility. In the absence of any point source of pollution as well as the intensive agriculture, water pollution is not yet a matter of concern. There are no major industries but the National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) has planned a 4,000 MW power plant nearby on the banks of River Ken. A cheese processing plant, said to be the biggest in Asia, is also planned near Khajuraho. However, the area has remained nearly completely unexplored from ecological and environmental viewpoint.

How to reach there

Khajuraho is accessible by road, air and train. It is only 10 km from Bameetha on NH 75 from Jhansi to Satna,The present airport is being upgraded to an international airport. It is also connected to Delhi and Varanasi by a direct train which requires an overnight journey.


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